Jayme Holmes Publications (10)

Getting Started with the IDG KMC Datasets and Tools

The Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) consortium is a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund program designed to enhance our knowledge of under-studied proteins, more specifically, proteins unannotated within the three most commonly drug-targeted protein families: G-protein coupled receptors, ion channels, and protein kinases. Since 2014, the IDG Knowledge Management Center (IDG-KMC) has generated several open-access datasets and resources that jointly serve as a highly translational machine-learning-ready knowledgebase focused on human protein-coding genes and their products. The goal of the IDG-KMC is to develop comprehensive integrated knowledge for the druggable genome to illuminate the uncharacterized or poorly annotated portion of the druggable genome. The tools derived from the IDG-KMC provide either user-friendly visualizations or ways to impute the knowledge about potential targets using machine learning strategies. In the following protocols, we describe how to use each web-based tool to accelerate illumination in under-studied proteins. © 2022 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Interacting with the Pharos user interface Basic Protocol 2: Accessing the data in Harmonizome Basic Protocol 3: The ARCHS4 resource Basic Protocol 4: Making predictions about gene function with PrismExp Basic Protocol 5: Using Geneshot to illuminate knowledge about under-studied targets Basic Protocol 6: Exploring under-studied targets with TIN-X Basic Protocol 7: Interacting with the DrugCentral user interface Basic Protocol 8: Estimating Anti-SARS-CoV-2 activities with DrugCentral REDIAL-2020 Basic Protocol 9: Drug Set Enrichment Analysis using Drugmonizome Basic Protocol 10: The Drugmonizome-ML Appyter Basic Protocol 11: The Harmonizome-ML Appyter Basic Protocol 12: GWAS target illumination with TIGA Basic Protocol 13: Prioritizing kinases for lists of proteins and phosphoproteins with KEA3 Basic Protocol 14: Converting PubMed searches to drug sets with the DrugShot Appyter.

2022 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
Jan. 02, 2022

DrugCentral 2021 supports drug discovery and repositioning

DrugCentral is a public resource (http://drugcentral.org) that serves the scientific community by providing up-to-date drug information, as described in previous papers. The current release includes 109 newly approved (October 2018 through March 2020) active pharmaceutical ingredients in the US, Europe, Japan and other countries; and two molecular entities (e.g. mefuparib) of interest for COVID19. New additions include a set of pharmacokinetic properties for ∼1000 drugs, and a sex-based separation of side effects, processed from FAERS (FDA Adverse Event Reporting System); as well as a drug repositioning prioritization scheme based on the market availability and intellectual property rights forFDA approved drugs. In the context of the COVID19 pandemic, we also incorporated REDIAL-2020, a machine learning platform that estimates anti-SARS-CoV-2 activities, as well as the ‘drugs in news’ feature offers a brief enumeration of the most interesting drugs at the present moment. The full database dump and data files are available for download from the DrugCentral web portal.

Oxford Nucleic Acids Research
Nov. 05, 2020

REDIAL-2020: A Suite of Machine Learning Models to Estimate Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Activit

Strategies for drug discovery and repositioning are an urgent need with respect to COVID-19. We developed “REDIAL-2020”, a suite of machine learning models for estimating small molecule activity from molecular structure, for a range of SARS-CoV-2 related assays. Each classifier is based on three distinct types of descriptors (fingerprint, physicochemical, and pharmacophore) for parallel model development. These models were trained using high throughput screening data from the NCATS COVID19 portal (https://opendata.ncats.nih.gov/covid19/index.html), with multiple categorical machine learning algorithms. The “best models” are combined in an ensemble consensus predictor that outperforms single models where external validation is available. This suite of machine learning models is available through the DrugCentral web portal (http://drugcentral.org/Redial).

TCRD and Pharos 2021: mining the human proteome for disease biology

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) initiated the Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) program to identify and improve our understanding of poorly characterized proteins that can potentially be modulated using small molecules or biologics. Two resources produced from these efforts are: The Target Central Resource Database (TCRD) (http://juniper.health.unm.edu/tcrd/) and Pharos (https://pharos.nih.gov/), a web interface to browse the TCRD. The ultimate goal of these resources is to highlight and facilitate research into currently understudied proteins, by aggregating a multitude of data sources, and ranking targets based on the amount of data available, and presenting data in machine learning ready format.

Oxford Nucleic Acids Research
Nov. 22, 2020

DrugCentral 2018: an update

DrugCentral is a drug information resource (http://drugcentral.org) open to the public since 2016 and previously described in the 2017 Nucleic Acids Research Database issue. Since the 2016 release, 103 new approved drugs were updated. The following new data sources have been included: Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS), FDA Orange Book information, L1000 gene perturbation profile distance/similarity matrices and estimated protonation constants. New and existing entries have been updated with the latest information from scientific literature, drug labels and external databases. The web interface has been updated to display and query new data. The full database dump and data files are available for download from the DrugCentral website.

Oxford Nucleic Acids Research
Oct 29, 2018

Unexplored therapeutic opportunities in the human genome

A large proportion of biomedical research and the development of therapeutics is focused on a small fraction of the human genome. In a strategic effort to map the knowledge gaps around proteins encoded by the human genome and to promote the exploration of currently understudied, but potentially druggable, proteins, the US National Institutes of Health launched the Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) initiative.

Nature Review Drug Discovery
Mar 23, 2018

View Publication: Formalizing drug indications on the road to therapeutic intent

Therapeutic intent, the reason behind the choice of a therapy and the context in which a given approach should be used, is an important aspect of medical practice. There are unmet needs with respect to current electronic mapping of drug indications. For example, the active ingredient sildenafil has 2 distinct indications, which differ solely on dosage strength.

July 17, 2017

View Publication: Pharos Collating protein information to shed light on the druggable genome.

Pharos: Collating protein information to shed light on the druggable genome.

The ‘druggable genome’ encompasses several protein families, but only a subset of targets within them have attracted significant research attention and thus have information about them publicly available.

Nature Review Drug Discovery

View publication DrugCentral: online drug compendium.

DrugCentral: online drug compendium.
publication description
DrugCentral (http://drugcentral.org) is an open-access online drug compendium. DrugCentral integrates structure, bioactivity, regulatory, pharmacologic actions and indications for active pharmaceutical ingredients approved by FDA and other regulatory agencies.


View publication Unexplored opportunities in the druggable human genome

Unexplored opportunities in the druggable human genome

Much of biomedical research and the development of therapeutics is focused on a small fraction of the human genome, ignoring many disease-relevant proteins and the associated scientific and commercial opportunities. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Illuminating the Druggable Genome programme aims to catalyse research around understudied targets.


Jayme Holmes Publications